策 展 人：张海涛
陈卫群 高伟刚 曲科杰 马 修 谭海山 王 茂 王人可 徐弘滨 于伯公
Theme of the exhibition：Fool Effect
Guest Curator：Chen Jin
Exhibition form: Device
Artists（In alphabetical order）
Cheng Weiqun Gao Weigang Qu Kejie Matthew Tan Haishan
Wang Mao Wang Renke Xu Hongbing Yu Bogong
Opening： June 6,2009,at 15:00
Duration： June 6,2009—June 26,2009,（Except Monday）
Address: OPEN Realization Contemporary Art Center, Seven Star Middle Street, 798 Art Zone, No.4 Jiu Xian Qiao
Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing, China, 100015
Organizers: OPEN Realization Contemporary Art Center
Co-organized by：Art Document（www.artda.cn）
Telephone: 861059789151 8613051858455
产品 完成质量 功效 造价
洗衣机 一般 省时省力、持久 低
自 电饭煲 一般 省时省力、持久 低
动 扫地机 不能面面顾及 省时省工、持久 高
化 无人驾驶飞机 遇事应变差 减少人身死亡 高
傻瓜相机 不可变通 便利 低
产品 完成质量 功效 造价
手工洗衣 干净 费时费力 低
手 手工做饭 好吃 费时费力 低
工 手工扫地 能顾及角落 费时费工 低
化 手工驾驶飞机 遇事应变能力强 易人员死亡 低
手动相机 成像好，可做效果 费时费脑，难学 高
Key words: Fool effect, Automatic Technology, Still water runs deep, Differentiating by content, Scattered theme, Human breakaway, Significance of the value of positive and negative
In ancient China, there was an area called “GuaZhou” in the region of QinLing, people there were all very honest, hard-working and tolerant of hardship. Every time they were hired, they are always silent and kept their noses to to the grindstone without rest， therefore, they were regarded as fool, subsequently, people not smart are called “GuaZi” or “ShaGuazi”. “ RenShuTang Diary” in Qing dynasty mentioned that “GanZhou”( GanSu province today) called those who are stupid “GuaZi”, we can know the character of the fool through the example above. And foolproof camera also have this character, that is immersing themselves in hard work as the master’s wishes, not flexible, I call this behavior and its impact “ fool effect”. In fact, automation research began in ancient China, it is said that ZhuGeliang in “Three Kingdoms” period ever invented the semi-automatic “Wooden Ox and Floating Horse” which were used in the war, and LuBan ever made a automatic wooden glede which can fly in the sky for three days time…with the development of the times, Automation technology will become more universal now and future.foolproof camera works with a procedure aoto exposured, the aperture and speed of the camera is freely set by the electronic procedures and basic film circuit sensitivity ,the main body and circumanstances, so that it can auto takes photographs without PhotoGrapher’s help，comparing with SLR, the foolproof camera is more simple and easy to use. With the development of the electronics, the function of the foolproof is becoming more and more, such as motorised film, automatic flashes and so on. Except loading the films and pressing the shutter, the foolproof camera can carry out other function automaticly. I have felt two key point on the foolproof camera, the first is the camera itself foolized, it can carry out its function without complain, the second is the photoghapher himself foolized, he doesn’t need to operate so much..even the amateur can take good pictures. It will be seen that the fool effect is an behavior with the principal part spiritualized,and a state of human agent’s off. So, “fool” this word has been a designate of automatic prodiction and automated person.
“ Effect” and “Fool effect”
1, Phenomena and effect by physical and chemical, such as thermal effect, photoelectric effect.
2, A typical person or event can arose a serial of the same person and related event, such as butterfly effect, and internet effect.
Fool effect is a series of people and events with the same generality which comes from the example of the people in the Guazhou area., and at present the fool is a series of automatic items and nouns which can be seen from the foolproof camera. The fool has the character of automation, besides, it also implies the people’s feeling about the present time. The fool automation has developed into intelligence, Sensors and remote sensing Automation, the artists can express their feeling about the fools in reality by the scitific fool.and they can discuss the feeling, influence the scitific fool have brought to nature, human, culture and economy, the fool art is that the real fool’s artistic conversion.
Automation, it refers that the machine finishes his own job according to what the master have set, the whole process without people’s interference, just one button is pressed, the expect effect reach.
Handcraft, people use his own brain, and phisical ability to complete the whole process. In this artificial automatic product time, handcraft has been in the boundary situation because of less psychological qualities, then is paid more attention.
For example, Pure handmade insoles product description；
Journey of a thousand miles begins with a single step，handmade insoles, with a history of 2,000 years, are made by the ciivl craftsman. It is said handmade insoles stinch by stinch represents the joyance, happy and auspicious, even has s function of preventing sickness and evil, it can keep the master safe and healthy. By today, handmade insoles has become a cultural quintessence, added a lot of fun to the people today.
Products Ability Efficiency Price
Washing machine Common Save time and labor, lasting Low
Automation Rice Cooker Common Save time and labor, lasting Low
Sweeper Cover some the bases Save time and labor, lasting High
Pilotless aircraft Weak strain Decrease death High
Foolproofcamera No versatility Convenient Low
Products Ability Efficiency Price
Washing Clothes Clean Taketime strenuous Low
Cooking Delicious Taketime strenuous Low
Handcraft Sweeping Cover all the bases Taketime labour Low
Drive plane Strong strain Easy to death Low
Manually camera Good Holga Hard to learn high
The rural population takes a large percent in China,with the development of the science,the significance of “GuaZi”has changed into the fool in the intellectualization of the Machinery industry. Contemporarily, China have to develop the automized science in order to advance the economy and fullfill the four modernizations. Taking science as the main power to avoid to be beaten for backwards.
The language character and the cultural background of the Automised Art
“Boys， all leave to you!”
“OK, leave it to me, it’s ok!”
This is the soul communication of our lazy man to our automized products, and this is also the answer of the senior BeiJing citizen when they have made a promise, only press a button or say something, can you get what your want, the whole process is automised without interference of people, this is also the character of the automised language, I imagine this kind of exhibition and art that the artist just choose or make a auto object help finsh the work, at the same time, the artist can enjoy the feeling of reining, the process of carrying out the work and the viewer interaction techonology is the fool situation, as well as the subjective initiative, whether this kind of art have significance. Recent years, I am always thinking the feeling when the sprit of artist, viewer, and the people in reality abstracta, let the meaning of the works freely converted, and raise the mind of choosing to 100. the auto fool art is a a represent of people’s materializing in the society and time, The spirit of people from "I think therefore I am" to "I materialize I am." It is different from the works in the period of Deconstruction.and also different from the author in the works of humanism and the exsitence of the automised psychology. At the same time, get down with the science techonology, it is a kind of differentiating people by content, and an embodiment of people’s scientific materializing, it is also a combination of art view and science. We look for the realistic significance in the fool and discuss the relation of fool effect to people, nature,culture and economy.
The fool effect make the art amateurization purer, the artist only hand the work to a fool, the artist who carries out is a fool, as well as the audience, that is that. The art fool effect has discovered that the peole have turned their lose of focusing on the humanism to the sprit between the huamn and the material, focus on another trend of spritual field.
When the culture and art has keep corresponding with the reality surprisely, its media and feeling all have a feature of “exsitence”. The entertaiment time of electronic automation, the pattern has been decreased, the history sence’s disappearing leads to the lose and fragmentation of of the main body.
Contemporary people are all busy working, exahusted, they lay in a stable of “ without oneself”, they have to get help from material. Anxiety of the people in the past has no place to stand, only the uncomplete world and self left., the people only taste the distorted outside world, the people has become a non-centualized subject, can not make the this moment and the history coexist, become a person without a indentification.
After the main body scattered, the view of self-centered have been broke out, the subject has been in suspension, the people world has turned into a material world, the people’s motivation and the creation have decreased, only the fool people and material left. So, there is no enthusiasm. The artist become a fool machine, the work can rechieve purely objective.the art sense and sensibility desalted. Art is the pronoun of the fool.
The dialectical: automation technology background in my memory, my first auto experience is when I was around 10 years( mid-80s), automatic pencil, it’s a small pattern of light industry product, that time, we are all crazy about this product, we always feel agony about cutting the pencil, but when you use the automatic pencil, you only put the automatic pencil into a small organ, then press, you can get the effect you want.
Later, there are many automised products appeared in China, such as, Automatic Umbrella, automatic watch, proofcamera etc, by now,the fool product has become more common, such as, Automatic washing machines, rice cookers, juice machine, automatic sweeping machine, automatic seeder, and no one controlling the aircraft, automatic doors, artificial intelligent robot, the automation has developed from the mechanics to the electronic and intelligent. The automation of China started from the 1980s, covered a field of small family to the military aviation and some high techonology. The fool product has become a indispensable part of the society, even the life will not run without the fool product, but we seldomly focus on what the automation product bring to us.
Two thousand years ago, the farmers used the tread water trucks and push water trucks to irrigate the fields, the sage ZhuangZi has expressed a tinge of emotion when he saw the small mordenizations, using these tools help people become lazy. Although, the thought of him is so extreme, many people do not agree with him, but since last two centuries, there are still some people proposed the side effect: science techonology is a double-edged sword with good and bad. Charlie Chaplin’s movie “Modern Times” is our most familiar work which critisized and satirize the side effect of science, he copied a series of exaggeration in the production line workers who take their behavior on the lines to their life, he strongly satirized the automation’s side effect to the people’s inner world.
Fool products, the automised electronic products save time, labour to people, and bring people the convinence, and efficiency. They let people out from the the painful physical strength, brain strength, and time consuming and focus on their own majors. Do the work people can not do. It is no doubt the significance of the reality, but, with the single and repeated development of the Office automatization in china, the compulsive position takes a great percent in carrying out. Many automation leave people no chance to excierse their brain and physical, over depend on the automation products accelerate people’s materialised, influence people in different fields.
1, common exsitence in morden art education, electronic literature,painting, music:
At present, there is a kind of software which can write poems automaticaly, it is very popular with the young people, only input the head words or reference, it can help you creat a wonderful poem for you.
Automatic painting is also common, art workers or lovers achieve their expect effect through the computer software, art has gone into the video and electronic, such as；architectural renderings, wall effects, films and so on.
Besides, the electronic music is also popular, the fool electronic automatic software has penetrated in the culture and art, although it save a lot of time and brain strength, but the effect is not as good as effect by hand, stiff, modeled, and make the people indifferent, lose the aesthetic and emotion cultivation. Accordingly, people’s energetic loses, estrange from the nature, the ability of experiencing the life declined.
2, with the rapid development of the automation science, the labour use is become less and less, so that, the unemploument increased, the society is not stable, and crime increased, even the disadvantaged groups gradually fall against the law.
The development of the automation make lots of unemployment in China, the unemployment in 90s is a typical example, many people who do a handcraft job were eleminated because of conforming to the development of the science, only with 200 yuan’s basic living allowances lead they to crime.
3, the automation science’s influence on the traditional culture. As people’s life have become automised, many traditional handcrafts leaves the stage of the general, even disappear in the life. It is very bad for the the traditional hearitage, many handcrafts were not inherited because of so many automation products. For example, so many handcrafts have a very complex process, so the automation quickly brunt the market.
4, the high techology and intelligent’s influence on the human’s security. These years, there are lots of doctors and postgraduates commit the internet crime by the advantage of the internet, According to the statistics from related departments, only in 2001, the loss which the hacker’s attack or the computer virus caused reached 160 billion. It has been found that the techonology become more and more frontier, more and more important the humanity is, recent virtual high intelligent movie “transformer” is fictitious, but the future is not predicted, the high intelligent products made by human may threaten the huamn.
5, present and future human will make plenty of automation products such as, artificial animals, plants, artificial natural snow, artificial rainbow, which the people expect the nature, even the relation between human and nature will change.
Current and future automation end to Artificial Life community, the phenomenon of artificial( rainbow, fog, snow), the artificial plant, and robot… human has taken on the preliminary form. About the techonology research, it is the result of the scientists, what the artists most care about is that what effect, feeling will the automation have reach the maximum. If we assume that a artificial community, village, what they will develop, what state, what relation with human?
6, the global scientific automation has brought the increase of the economy and commercial profit which surprise the operators and rulers, but, at the same time, the operators and the niternational competence will not have a brake even they have known the nagetive effect the automation brought, or only suffer beating and lose the economical profit and right to speak. China in this realistic situation, also falls in this international comepetence, even more urgent about the fullfilling of the automation science, then China has entered a time pushed by the science techonology, the people’s inner world has converted from ideology to consuming consumption ideology.
The development of the automation science leads to unidimensional in the field of life and production. The character of contemporary industry society is “overproduction”, but the whole world must live on the overproduction and goods consuming, the faster scienntific automation improves, the more production, as well as the the goods consumed, the ruler and the manger make the “ false requirement” in order that the overproduction keep the society running and realise the forcement consuming, the “ false requirement” let the people not struggle without sense, therefore, the whole commercialized brain, the meterialized, leave the people no time of sprit cultivation. By the force of the society pressure, desire, tempatation, the consumers are trying to enjoy the happy feeling the automation have brought, at the same time, their concerntration and life value have shifted with weak struggle, the unidimensional in the field of the production is a kind of assimilated phenomena of the labours caused by the automation and the improvement of the science, when machanics and electronic automation gradually decrease the intension and work quantity, the workers in the automation factory’s work is as same as the typer, announcer, just different from the schedule, and the changing of working characters and the tools have changed the attitude and sense of the workers class—dumb and tamed, the spritual syptom’s transfer at present is the first core issue, and this is also the reasonable presentation in the artist’s works except the intermedium.
The industry society which has the development of the automation science, the people have experienced from the recent direct sense to the spritual numb, we should realized the science materialized operate the human, control and dominate the sense of human, we should avoid people are reined by techonology, and money. How should we avoid the materialized when developing the scientific automation, and promoting the people’s sprit and society’s complete development weill be the key issue.
The another view of automatic fool effect in China is to feeling the possibilities of the art creation, the view has transferred from the man-man realation to man—material. Looking at the past notion of creation, the author, and people’s motivation were leading, and focusing on the historical humanity clues, and presented in the real culture,nature and economy. While the fool effect is the human thinking, the sense reaches the fool effect situation during the creation, it is a interference for the contemporary art to discuss the social and cultural significance,as well as pure language, direct feeling. The quality created by automatic fool effect and the significance of the value of positive and negative all need to verify in the human’s historical deposition. But, at least, we should seriously propose this topic.
First draft in April, 2007
Corrected on 25th Dec, 2007