艺术档案 > 新媒体档案 > 傻瓜效应

傻瓜效应

2009-04-04 17:20 来源: artda.cn艺术档案 作者:artda


 

展览主题:傻瓜效应
策 展 人:张海涛
艺术总监:陈 进
展览形式:装 置
参展艺术家(按姓名字母为序)
陈卫群    高伟刚    曲科杰   马 修  谭海山   王 茂   王人可  徐弘滨   于伯公

开幕时间:2009年6月6日(周六)下午三点
展览时间:2009年6月6日—6月26日(周一休息)
展览地点:OPEN实现当代艺术中心
北京市朝阳区酒仙桥路4号798艺术区七星中街  
主办单位:OPEN实现当代艺术中心
www.openart.org.cn
协    办:艺术档案网
www.artda.cn
联系电话:01059789151  13051858455
电子信箱:artda@126.com


Theme of the exhibition:Fool Effect
Curator:Zhang Haitao
Guest Curator:Chen Jin
Exhibition form: Device
Artists(In alphabetical order)
Cheng Weiqun   Gao Weigang   Qu Kejie   Matthew  Tan Haishan 
Wang Mao   Wang Renke   Xu Hongbing   Yu Bogong

Opening: June 6,2009,at 15:00
Duration: June 6,2009—June 26,2009,(Except Monday)
Address:  OPEN Realization Contemporary Art Center, Seven Star Middle Street, 798 Art Zone, No.4 Jiu Xian Qiao

Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing, China, 100015  
Organizers: OPEN Realization Contemporary Art Center
Co-organized by:Art Document(www.artda.cn
Telephone: 861059789151  8613051858455
E-mail: artda@126.com

 

                                傻瓜效应                         
关键词:
    傻瓜效应、以物观人、科技全自动、大智若愚、主体零散、人的抽离、价值正负意义、我物故我在、省时省力、持久不可变通


自动:“傻瓜”效应

中国古代秦岭一带有一地区取名为“瓜洲”,这里的人非常诚实讲信用,也能吃苦耐劳,每当受雇佣时,他们总是不声不响埋头苦干,从不歇手。这样人们便误认为他们愚蠢呆傻,进而把头脑不聪明的人叫做“瓜子”、“傻瓜子”。清代《仁恕堂笔记》中便有“甘州”(今甘肃)人谓不慧子曰“瓜子”,由此看出傻瓜的特征。傻瓜相机及其它自动化产品亦具有此类特征,即按主人的意图,埋头苦干,不会超人类变通应变,我称这种行动化状态及影响为“傻瓜效应”。其实自动化的探索在我国古代就有所体现,相传三国中诸葛亮就曾发明了打仗时使用的半自动化的“木牛流马”,鲁班也曾用木头做成自动“木鸢”,在天上飞三天三夜都不下来……随着时代的演变科技自动化在我们这个时代和未来更加普及。
举例傻瓜相机即一种由程序自动曝光照相机,这种照相机的光圈和速度均由照相机内的电子程序电路根本胶卷感光度和被摄主体及环境的情况自动设置,无需摄影者干预而实现自动摄影,为单镜头反射式照像机相比,傻瓜相机具有简便易用的优点,随着电子技术的发展,傻瓜相机的功能也越来越多,如自动卷片,自动闪光……傻瓜机除了装卸胶卷和按快门外,其它功能都可自动完成…..即傻瓜可以自动照像,因此傻瓜相机给我透出两个信息,一是相机本身的傻瓜化,它可以吃苦耐劳,自身承担责任;二是相机的使用者的傻瓜化,可不动脑子不须变通地使用相机,即使业余者也能达到清晰的效果。可见傻瓜效应是一种主体灵性物化的表现,也是一种主体人的抽离状态。“傻瓜”这个词由此也会成为自动化产品和被自动物化的人的代言。
“效应”与“傻瓜效应”
①物理的或化学的作用所产生的现象和结果。如,热效应、光电效应。
②指由某个典型的人或事件引发产生一批同类型人物或事件的现象:如:蝴蝶效应|计算机网络效应。
傻瓜效应是由中国瓜洲地区的人和实例引出产生的普遍性特征的人和事,当下傻瓜是由傻瓜相机的自动化特征,引出一种普遍的自动化特征的术语和名词,“傻瓜”除了具有技术性的自动化特征,还隐含当下人对这样时代特征体验和感受,傻瓜自动化也由以前的单一机械自动化,发展为智能、感应、遥感自动化。艺术家可以借助科技傻瓜的语言来表达对现实中各种傻瓜的感觉,也探讨它带给自然、人、文化、经济的感觉和影响,傻瓜艺术即是对现实傻瓜的艺术转换。
自动,顾名思义,指通过机器自身的被动方式完成发明者设置好的工作,整个过程无需人来干预,只需要简单按动一个钮,即可达到客户想要的最终效果。
手工即由人主动通过脑力、体力完成整个过程。在这个人造自动化产品普及的情况下手工产品因稀少和心理质量而收到关注,但多处于边缘状态。
举例:纯手工鞋垫产品说明
    “千里之行,始于足下。”手工鞋垫来自于民间手工艺人,已有两千多年的历史。相传,这种用千针万线纳成的鞋垫是民间喜悦祥和之物,有消灾避难之效,可保佑主人不受邪恶伤害,步步平安,永葆长寿。时至今日,手工鞋垫已成为国粹,更是一种文化,为当代人增添了不少的生活乐趣。
自动,手工在质量、功效上的分析。看图对照如下:

    
 产品 完成质量 功效 造价
    
 洗衣机 一般 省时省力、持久 低
自 电饭煲 一般 省时省力、持久 低
动 扫地机 不能面面顾及 省时省工、持久 高
化 无人驾驶飞机 遇事应变差 减少人身死亡 高
 傻瓜相机 不可变通 便利 低
 产品 完成质量 功效 造价
    
 手工洗衣 干净 费时费力 低
手 手工做饭 好吃 费时费力 低
工 手工扫地 能顾及角落 费时费工 低
化 手工驾驶飞机 遇事应变能力强 易人员死亡 低
 手动相机 成像好,可做效果 费时费脑,难学 高


中国以农业人口占很大的比重,随着科技的进步,“瓜子”在中国的意义也慢慢地发生转变,由古代的“瓜子”转向机械工业科技智能化的“傻瓜”。中国目前的经济增长、“实现四个现代化”不得不靠发展自动化技术得以实现,以科技为主要力量,不实现、晚实现就意味着落后挨打。

自动化艺术的语言特征及文化背景

 “哥们交给你啦!”
“放心吧,交给我,甭管啦!”
这是我们这些懒汉经常对我们的自动化产品暗暗的心灵沟通,也是老北京市民时常答应
朋友托付的语言方式。只须动动按钮或嘴皮子,便可以达到你想要的效果或结果。整个过程自动完成不须人工干预,这也是自动化艺术的语言特征,我设想着展览现场或这样的艺术,艺术家只须挑选或制作一个自动物体帮你完成你交给它的任务,享受驾驭物的快感的同时完成作品。实施作品过程中观者互动技术为傻瓜状态,主观能动性也处于一种傻瓜状态,这样的艺术是否有意义。这几年我一直在思考着作者、观者与现实的人的精神抽离后物化的感受,让作品意义自动转换,将选择的思维提高至100,作品实施中或与观众互动中追寻一种大智若愚的感觉,也似一种心理高压下借物(潜意识)排遣的快感。自动傻瓜艺术是一种人在社会与时代中的逐渐被物化的体现,人的精神由“我思故我在”转向“我物故我在”。与早期解构时期现成品不同,又区别于人本主义作品中作者和人自动化心理的存在性;同时从科学技术入手,是一种以物观人,而不是以人观物的视角,是体现人的生存的科技物化状态,也是艺术观念与科技技术结合的一种尝试,在傻瓜中寻找介入现实意义,探讨傻瓜效应对人、自然、文化和经济的影响和关系。
傻瓜效应更纯粹地将艺术的“业余化”更加纯粹化,艺术家只须将作品交给一个“傻瓜”去实施,实施时的艺术家似一个“傻瓜”,互动观众也成了个“傻瓜”,仅此而已。艺术傻瓜效应揭示人们从其它人本关注的精神失落中转向物与人的精神影响上来,关注另一种领域的思维走向。
当代文化艺术以惊人甚至超前的速度与现实一致,它的媒介及感受都具有“此在”的特征。电子自动化科技及娱乐消费快感时代,深度模式被削平,历史意识消失导致主体性丧失而零散化。
当代人在紧张工作、体力耗尽后使用“傻瓜”时处于一种非我的状态,只能以物代劳,物化转移,以物标识,以物补偿。人在以往时代多余的焦虑没有了立身之地,剩下的是体验不完整的世界和自我,体验一个变了形的外部世界。人已成了一个非中心化主体,无法将此刻和历史乃至未来并存,变成了一个缺少身份的自我,没有中心的自我。
主体零散成碎片后以人为中心的视点被打破,主体意向性自身被悬置,主观感性消弥,世界已由人的世界转向物的世界,人的能动性和创造性消减,剩下的是“傻瓜”式的人和“傻瓜”式的物,情感淡漠,也没有一点表现的热情。只有艺术家变成了“傻瓜”的机器,作品才能达到纯客观的程度,艺术感知和艺术感性魅力淡化,艺术也成了傻瓜的代名词。

辩证:自动化科技现实背景

在我的记忆里,自动最小的体验是十岁左右(即80年代中期),当时有了自动铅笔的出现,这也可能是轻工业产品自动化小小的体现,然而这小小的体现,让我们这些年少者欣喜若狂,年弱的我们对于削铅笔是件极其痛苦的事,有了它只需将不同精细的笔芯插入一个小机关里,手轻轻按几下,就出来了你需要的字的效果。
后来中国又陆陆续续出现很多自动化产品,如自动伞、自动手表、傻瓜相机等,到现在傻瓜产品发展更为普及化,如自动洗衣机、电饭煲、榨汁机、自动扫地机、自动播种机、无人驾驭飞机、自动门、人工全智能机器人甚至人工生命社会,自动化也由以前的机械自动逐步转向电气、电子、智能化发展。中国自动化的发展从八十年代起步,小到家庭轻工业产品大到军事航空等尖端科技进入社会各个领域,以至无孔不入。到今天在我们生活中自动化傻瓜产品已成为我们不可缺少的伙伴,甚至生活中一但离开它,将无法正常运转。然而自动化技术将给我们带来什么,我们却很少关注。

两千多年前,农夫开始了用踩水车或推水车来灌溉农田,我国的先哲庄子见了这小小的现代化便大发感慨说,用水车浇田是培养懒汉并助长人们偷奸耍滑,尽管庄子的思想有些偏激并未得到大多数人的认同,但是两个多世纪以来,还是不少人在不断提出科学的负面效应这一问题:科学技术是一种双刃剑,既会降福于人也会降灾于人。最广泛最深入人心的莫过于在本世纪初美国喜剧大师卓别林在喜剧《摩登时代》中对科学技术负面效应的批评和讽刺,他用模仿自动流水线上工人的一连串的夸张动作,习惯成自然地带到生活中的动作和行为,巧妙地讽刺了自动化对人精神世界产生的异化作用。
傻瓜产品、自动化电子技术的出现给人们带来了省时、省力、便捷的高效率,让人们从痛苦的体力、脑力、耗时的程序中解脱出来,并将精力集中于自己专业,做到人类所做不了的工作,现实积极意义毫无质疑,但同时中国随着办公自动化广泛应用一些操作向着高速、单一重复的特点发展,强迫体位在操作中占比重越来越大,很多自动化行业的出现使人们失去了体力、脑力的锻炼,身心匮乏,依赖于设置好的自动化产品加速了人类的精神异化和物化的作用,在不同的领域都会潜在影响人类的精神发展。

一. 在现代的艺术教育中电子自动文学、绘画、音乐等倾向普遍存在:
(1)目前电子网络中出现了一种自动写诗软件,这种软件的出现很受青少年的欢迎,只需要你输入你想要的诗的开头文字或提要,此软件就能自动帮你创作出一首你满意的诗和文章。
(2) 自动绘画效果也已普及,艺术工作者或爱好者,通过电脑软件,无须纸墨侍候,便能达到你预设的效果,艺术也进入影像电子化,如建筑效果图,壁画效果,胶片效果等。
另外电子音乐也同样流行,文化艺术已大量渗透进傻瓜式电子自动软件,其功能虽然为创作者省去了大量时间及脑力劳动,但时常效果不如手工艺术变通松动,显得生硬、模式化。
同时使人的情感淡漠,失去了这些艺术的审美和情感培养,导致了人的许多活力丧失,与大自然的流离,而使人自身的生命体验能力大幅下降。

二.随着自动化高科技水平的大大提高,对劳动力的使用在逐渐减少,导致失业率增加,就业问题突出,造成社会的不稳定,增加犯罪率,甚至部分弱势群体走向违法犯罪的边缘。
   自动化的发展使中国这个人口大国千万人口大量的失业,90年代的下岗就是一个典型案例,很多以往从事手工技术的群体,由于不顺应科技的发展而被淘汰,只能每月200元生活保障,生存能力低下,从而导致犯罪。

三.自动化高科技对传统文化的影响。人们生活方式日趋自动化的同时,也使许多民间的传统工艺退去大众生活舞台,甚至从社会生活中逐渐消失,这对人类传统优秀文化遗产的传承十分不利,手工艺产品的失传大多原因源于自动化仿品的出现。举例部分手工艺产品人工操作上工序复杂,自动化流水线产品很快冲击手工产品市场。

四.高科技智能自动对于人类安全的影响。目前很多名牌大学博士、研究生利用计算机自动化网络进行犯罪,据有关部门统计,仅2001年全世界由于计算机病毒和黑客袭击千万损失就达1600亿美元。实践证明,技术越来越尖端,对它的人文关切就越重要,对它的人性要求越高。最近人类虚拟的高智能电影《变形金刚》上映,虽属虚构但未来不可预知。人类自己创造的自动化产品甚至达到超智能,危及人类自身。

五.当下和未来的人类利用自动化科技制造出批量的人工生命产品如人工动物、植物、人工自然降雪、人工彩虹,使人们越来越向往与自然亲密接触,与自然的距离感增加,甚至改变人与自然的关系和生态。
当下和未来自动化以人工生命社会为趋向。人造自动现象(彩虹、雾、雪)、人工机器植物、人造机器人……人类已初步实现其基本形态,。对于技术研究,是科学家艰苦钻研的成果,艺术家更感兴趣的是现今自动化科技最大化情况下,对未来的设想,会对未来产生什么效应、感觉。假设我们未来虚拟一个人工的社区、村落,它们会怎样发展,以一个什么状态出现,和人类的关系怎样?

六、 全球科技自动化带来的经济增长,商业获利,使经营者和统治者暗自惊喜;但同时经营者与国际竞争,即使深知自动化带有消极影响,也不可能刹车,那样会换来挨打或失去经济利益,失去话语权。中国在这样大的现实情境之中,也同样被陷入这种国际竞争之中,对于自动化科技的实现更为迫切,由此中国已经走向以科技为动力的时代,人们的精神世界由意识形态也转向科技带来的消费形态。

·····

自动化科学技术发展导致了生活及生产领域的单向度性。当代工业社会的特征是“生产过剩”,而整个社会的存在必须依赖于过度生产和消费商品,科技自动化越进步,生产得越多,要求消费的商品也越多,为了让过度生产从而使整个社会得以延续,统治者或经营者制造出“虚假的需求”以实现强迫性消费,“虚假消费”,使人们无意识反抗,理所当然的全面商品头脑化、物化、无暇顾及精神修养。迫于社会压力、欲望、诱惑,消费者则努力达到自动化带来的享乐和快感,与此同时视线及人生观转移,抗争弱化,生产领域的单向度性是一种由生产自动化和技术进步所导致的劳动者被同化的现象,当机械和电子自动化不断降低着劳动量和劳动强度,自动化工厂工人的劳动无异于打字员、播音员,只是劳动时间不同,劳动特点和生产工具的变化深刻地改变了工人阶级的态度和意识,意识麻木,不再对抗,当下精神症状的转移是首要的关注点,这也是艺术家作品中除去媒介之外应体现的感觉。
自动化科学技术的发展的工业社会人们由近代的直接意识的对抗渐渐向单向精神麻木不争转变,应特别警示科技物化操纵人、控制、支配个人的潜意识,避免人受技术、金钱的支配和奴役,如何在发展科技自动化的同时避免造成人的物化,促进人的精神和社会物质的全面发展与完善将是现实关键的问题。

结语

中国自动傻瓜效应的另一视角试探艺术创作的可能性,视点由人与人的关系向物与人的关系转移,从以往创作观念和过程来看是作者、人的主观能动性为主导,关注历史人本线索,在介入现实文化、自然、经济中得到体现。而傻瓜效应是人脑思维、意识在创作中达到“傻瓜”的状态,探讨作品的社会及文化意义,语言单纯、感受直接也是科技物化对当代艺术的一次介入。自动傻瓜效应创造的质量、价值正负意义的验证,也需人类历史的沉淀得以证实,但至少我们需要严肃地提出这一话题。


张海涛
2007年4月初稿
于2007年12月25日修改

 

 
Fool effect

Key words: Fool effect, Automatic Technology, Still water runs deep, Differentiating by content, Scattered theme, Human breakaway, Significance of the value of positive and negative

In ancient China, there was an area called “GuaZhou” in the region of QinLing, people there were all very honest, hard-working and tolerant of hardship. Every time they were hired, they are always silent and kept their noses to to the grindstone without rest, therefore, they were regarded as fool, subsequently, people not smart are called “GuaZi” or “ShaGuazi”. “ RenShuTang Diary” in Qing dynasty mentioned that “GanZhou”( GanSu province today) called those who are stupid “GuaZi”, we can know the character of the fool through the example above. And foolproof camera also have this character, that is immersing themselves in hard work as the master’s wishes, not flexible, I call this behavior and its impact “ fool effect”. In fact, automation research began in ancient China, it is said that ZhuGeliang in “Three Kingdoms” period ever invented the semi-automatic “Wooden Ox and Floating Horse” which were used in the war, and LuBan ever made a automatic wooden glede which can fly in the sky for three days time…with the development of the times, Automation technology will become more universal now and future.foolproof camera works with a procedure aoto exposured, the aperture and speed of the camera is freely set by the electronic procedures and basic film circuit sensitivity ,the main body and circumanstances, so that it can auto takes photographs without PhotoGrapher’s help,comparing with SLR, the foolproof camera is more simple and easy to use. With the development of the electronics, the function of the foolproof is becoming more and more, such as motorised film, automatic flashes and so on. Except loading the films and pressing the shutter, the foolproof camera can carry out other function automaticly. I have felt two key point on the foolproof camera, the first is the camera itself foolized, it can carry out its function without complain, the second is the photoghapher himself foolized, he doesn’t need to operate so much..even the amateur can take good pictures. It will be seen that the fool effect is an behavior with the principal part spiritualized,and a state of human agent’s off. So, “fool” this word has been a designate of automatic prodiction and automated person.
  “ Effect” and “Fool effect”
1, Phenomena and effect by physical and chemical, such as thermal effect, photoelectric effect.
2, A typical person or event can arose a serial of the same person and related event, such as butterfly effect, and internet effect.

Fool effect is a series of people and events with the same generality which comes from the example of the people in the Guazhou area., and at present the fool is a series of automatic items and nouns which can be seen from the foolproof camera. The fool has the character of automation, besides, it also implies the people’s feeling about the present time. The fool automation has developed into intelligence, Sensors and remote sensing Automation, the artists can express their feeling about the fools in reality by the scitific fool.and they can discuss the feeling, influence the scitific fool have brought to nature, human, culture and economy, the fool art is that the real fool’s artistic conversion.
Automation, it refers that the machine finishes his own job according to what the master have set, the whole process without people’s interference, just one button is pressed, the expect effect reach.
Handcraft, people use his own brain, and phisical ability to complete the whole process. In this artificial automatic product time, handcraft has been in the boundary situation because of less psychological qualities, then is paid more attention.
For example, Pure handmade insoles product description;
Journey of a thousand miles begins with a single step,handmade insoles, with a history of 2,000 years, are made by the ciivl craftsman. It is said handmade insoles stinch by stinch represents the joyance, happy and auspicious, even has s function of preventing sickness and evil, it can keep the master safe and healthy. By today, handmade insoles has become a cultural quintessence, added a lot of fun to the people today.

    
 Products Ability Efficiency Price
    
 Washing machine Common Save time and labor, lasting Low
Automation Rice Cooker Common Save time and labor, lasting Low
 Sweeper Cover some the bases Save time and labor, lasting High
 Pilotless aircraft Weak strain Decrease death High
 Foolproofcamera No versatility Convenient Low
 Products Ability Efficiency Price
    
 Washing Clothes Clean Taketime strenuous Low
 Cooking Delicious Taketime strenuous Low
Handcraft Sweeping Cover all the bases Taketime labour Low
 Drive plane Strong strain Easy to death  Low
 Manually camera Good Holga Hard to learn high
The rural population takes a large percent in China,with the development of the science,the significance of “GuaZi”has changed into the fool in the intellectualization of the Machinery industry. Contemporarily, China have to develop the automized science in order to advance the economy and fullfill the four modernizations. Taking science as the main power to avoid to be beaten for backwards.

The language character and the cultural background of the Automised Art

“Boys, all leave to you!”
“OK, leave it to me, it’s ok!”
This is the soul communication of our lazy man to our automized products, and this is also the answer of the senior BeiJing citizen when they have made a promise, only press a button or say something, can you get what your want, the whole process is automised without interference of people, this is also the character of the automised language, I imagine this kind of exhibition and art that the artist just choose or make a auto object help finsh the work, at the same time, the artist can enjoy the feeling of reining, the process of carrying out the work and the viewer interaction techonology is the fool situation, as well as the subjective initiative, whether this kind of art have significance. Recent years, I am always thinking the feeling when the sprit of artist, viewer, and the people in reality abstracta, let the meaning of the works freely converted, and raise the mind of choosing to 100. the auto fool art is a a represent of people’s materializing in the society and time, The spirit of people from "I think therefore I am" to "I materialize I am." It is different from the works in the period of Deconstruction.and also different from the author in the works of humanism and the exsitence of the automised psychology. At the same time, get down with the science techonology, it is a kind of differentiating people by content, and an embodiment of people’s scientific materializing, it is also a combination of art view and science. We look for the realistic significance in the fool and discuss the relation of fool effect to people, nature,culture and economy.
The fool effect make the art amateurization purer, the artist only hand the work to a fool, the artist who carries out is a fool, as well as the audience, that is that. The art fool effect has discovered that the peole have turned their lose of focusing on the humanism to the sprit between the huamn and the material, focus on another trend of spritual field.
When the culture and art has keep corresponding with the reality surprisely, its media and feeling all have a feature of “exsitence”. The entertaiment time of electronic automation, the pattern has been decreased, the history sence’s disappearing leads to the lose and fragmentation of of the main body.
Contemporary people are all busy working, exahusted, they lay in a stable of “ without oneself”, they have to get help from material. Anxiety of the people in the past has no place to stand, only the uncomplete world and self left., the people only taste the distorted outside world, the people has become a non-centualized subject, can not make the this moment and the history coexist, become a person without a indentification.
After the main body scattered, the view of self-centered have been broke out, the subject has been in suspension, the people world has turned into a material world, the people’s motivation and the creation have decreased, only the fool people and material left. So, there is no enthusiasm. The artist become a fool machine, the work can rechieve purely objective.the art sense and sensibility desalted. Art is the pronoun of the fool.

The dialectical: automation technology background  in my memory, my first auto experience is when I was around 10 years( mid-80s), automatic pencil, it’s a small pattern of light industry product, that time, we are all crazy about this product, we always feel agony about cutting the pencil, but when you use the automatic pencil, you only put the automatic pencil into a small organ, then press, you can get the effect you want.
Later, there are many automised products appeared in China, such as, Automatic Umbrella, automatic watch, proofcamera etc, by now,the fool product has become more common, such as, Automatic washing machines, rice cookers, juice machine, automatic sweeping machine, automatic seeder, and no one controlling the aircraft, automatic doors, artificial intelligent robot, the automation has developed from the mechanics to the electronic and intelligent. The automation of China started from the 1980s, covered a field of small family to the military aviation and some high techonology. The fool product has become a indispensable part of the society, even the life will not run without the fool product, but we seldomly focus on what the automation product bring to us.
Two thousand years ago, the farmers used the tread water trucks and push water trucks to irrigate the fields, the sage ZhuangZi has expressed a tinge of emotion when he saw the small mordenizations, using these tools help people become lazy. Although, the thought of him is so extreme, many people do not agree with him, but since last two centuries, there are still some people proposed the side effect: science techonology is a double-edged sword with good and bad. Charlie Chaplin’s movie “Modern Times” is our most familiar work which critisized and satirize the side effect of science, he copied a series of exaggeration in the production line workers who take their behavior on the lines to their life, he strongly satirized the automation’s side effect to the people’s inner world.
Fool products, the automised electronic products save time, labour to people, and bring people the convinence, and efficiency. They let people out from the the painful physical strength, brain strength, and time consuming and focus on their own majors. Do the work people can not do. It is no doubt the significance of the reality, but, with the single and repeated development of the Office automatization in china, the compulsive position takes a great percent in carrying out. Many automation leave people no chance to excierse their brain and physical, over depend on the automation products accelerate people’s materialised, influence people in different fields.
1, common exsitence in morden art education, electronic literature,painting, music:
At present, there is a kind of software which can write poems automaticaly, it is very popular with the young people, only input the head words or reference, it can help you creat a wonderful poem for you.
Automatic painting is also common, art workers or lovers achieve their expect effect through the computer software, art has gone into the video and electronic, such as;architectural renderings, wall effects, films and so on.
Besides, the electronic music is also popular, the fool electronic automatic software has penetrated in the culture and art, although it save a lot of time and brain strength, but the effect is not as good as effect by hand, stiff, modeled, and make the people indifferent, lose the aesthetic and emotion cultivation. Accordingly, people’s energetic loses, estrange from the nature, the ability of experiencing the life declined.
2, with the rapid development of the automation science, the labour use is become less and less, so that, the unemploument increased, the society is not stable, and crime increased, even the disadvantaged groups gradually fall against the law.
The development of the automation make lots of unemployment in China, the unemployment in 90s is a typical example, many people who do a handcraft job were eleminated because of conforming to the development of the science, only with 200 yuan’s basic living allowances lead they to crime.
3, the automation science’s influence on the traditional culture. As people’s life have become automised, many traditional handcrafts leaves the stage of the general, even disappear in the life. It is very bad for the the traditional hearitage, many handcrafts were not inherited because of so many automation products. For example, so many handcrafts have a very complex process, so the automation quickly brunt the market.
4, the high techology and intelligent’s influence on the human’s security. These years, there are lots of doctors and postgraduates commit the internet crime by the advantage of the internet, According to the statistics from related departments, only in 2001, the loss which the hacker’s attack or the computer virus caused reached 160 billion. It has been found that the techonology become more and more frontier, more and more important the humanity is, recent virtual high intelligent movie “transformer” is fictitious, but the future is not predicted, the high intelligent products made by human may threaten the huamn.
5, present and future human will make plenty of automation products such as, artificial animals, plants, artificial natural snow, artificial rainbow, which the people expect the nature, even the relation between human and nature will change.
Current and future automation end to Artificial Life community, the phenomenon of artificial( rainbow, fog, snow), the artificial plant, and robot… human has taken on the preliminary form. About the techonology research, it is the result of the scientists, what the artists most care about is that what effect, feeling will the automation have reach the maximum. If we assume that a artificial community, village, what they will develop, what state, what relation with human?
6, the global scientific automation has brought the increase of the economy and commercial profit which surprise the operators and rulers, but, at the same time, the operators and the niternational competence will not have a brake even they have known the nagetive effect the automation brought, or only suffer beating and lose the economical profit and right to speak. China in this realistic situation, also falls in this international comepetence, even more urgent about the fullfilling of the automation science, then China has entered a time pushed by the science techonology, the people’s inner world has converted from ideology to consuming consumption ideology.
The development of the automation science leads to unidimensional in the field of life and production. The character of contemporary industry society is “overproduction”, but the whole world must live on the overproduction and goods consuming, the faster scienntific automation improves, the more production, as well as the the goods consumed, the ruler and the manger make the “ false requirement” in order that the overproduction keep the society running and realise the forcement consuming, the “ false requirement” let the people not struggle without sense, therefore, the whole commercialized brain, the meterialized, leave the people no time of sprit cultivation. By the force of the society pressure, desire, tempatation, the consumers are trying to enjoy the happy feeling the automation have brought, at the same time, their concerntration and life value have shifted with weak struggle, the unidimensional in the field of the production is a kind of assimilated phenomena of the labours caused by the automation and the improvement of the science, when machanics and electronic automation gradually decrease the intension and work quantity, the workers in the automation factory’s work is as same as the typer, announcer, just different from the schedule, and the changing of working characters and the tools have changed the attitude and sense of the workers class—dumb and tamed, the spritual syptom’s transfer at present is the first core issue, and this is also the reasonable presentation in the artist’s works except the intermedium.
The industry society which has the development of the automation science, the people have experienced from the recent direct sense to the spritual numb, we should realized the science materialized operate the human, control and dominate the sense of human, we should avoid people are reined by techonology, and money. How should we avoid the materialized when developing the scientific automation, and promoting the people’s sprit and society’s complete development weill be the key issue.
Conclusion
  The another view of automatic fool effect in China is to feeling the possibilities of the art creation, the view has transferred from the man-man realation to man—material. Looking at the past notion of creation, the author, and people’s motivation were leading, and focusing on the historical humanity clues, and presented in the real culture,nature and economy. While the fool effect is the human thinking, the sense reaches the fool effect situation during the creation, it is a interference for the contemporary art to discuss the social and cultural significance,as well as pure language, direct feeling. The quality created by automatic fool effect and the significance of the value of positive and negative all need to verify in the human’s historical deposition. But, at least, we should seriously propose this topic.

ZhangHaitao
First draft in April, 2007
Corrected on 25th Dec, 2007

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